Eschatology

 

Eschatology is a part of theology concerned with the final events of history,

or the ultimate destiny of humanity. This concept is commonly referred to

as “the end of the world” or “end times“.[1]

The word arises from the Greek ἔσχατος éschatos meaning “last” and 

logy meaning “the study of”, and first appeared in English around 1844.

[2] The Oxford English Dictionary defines eschatology as “the part of

theology concerned with death, judgment, and the final destiny of

the soul and of humankind”.[3]

In the context of mysticism, the term refers metaphorically to the end

of ordinary reality and to reunion with the divine. Many[quantify] 

religions treat eschatology as a future event prophesied in sacred texts or in folklore.

Eschatologies vary as to their degree of optimism or pessimism about

the future. In some eschatologies, conditions are better for some and

worse for others, e.g. “heaven and hell”. They also vary as to time frames.

Groups claiming the end of times to be imminent are also referred to as doomsday cults.