Henry Melvill Gwatkin defined church history as “the spiritual side of the history of
civilized people ever since our Master’s coming”. A. M. Renwick, however,
defines it as an account of the Church’s success and failure in carrying out
Church history is often, but not always, studied from a Christian perspective.
Writers from different Christian traditions will often highlight people and events
particularly relevant to their own denominational history. Catholic and Orthodox
writers often highlight the achievements of the ecumenical councils,